People and Culture

Nepal has a population of more than 26.5 million people of over 40 different races and tribes. The country offers such diversity that the visitor may experience any lifestyle from the Stone Age, in the far west and high hills, to the jet age of Kathmandu.

There are two ethnicities mainly inhabiting this region; Nubri and Tsum. The branching off of the river at Chhikur divides these two ethnic domains. While Nubri has been frequently visited since Nepal opened itself for tourism in 1950, Tsum still retains much of its traditional culture, art, and tradition. In the central hills of the region, Gurungs are the main ethnic group that has joined the Gurkha army in large numbers. Closer to Tibet, the Bhutias (also spelled Bhotias), akin to the Sherpa group, of Tibetan ethnicity dominate the scene as can be discerned from their flat-roofed houses, and they are distinctly Buddhists. The region is dotted with austere monasteries, mani walls, chortens, and other Buddhist religious landmarks. The traditional faith of non-violence and compassion augments the wildlife diversity of the region. 

Culture of Manaslu

The two major groups in Nepalese society are Tibeto-Burmans, or Mongoloids from the north, and Indo-Aryans from the south. Many customs are inherited from both sides and have been developed by the influences of the land, climate, and available resources.